Carregando...
Ir para o conteúdo principal

Questões de concursos

Confira várias questões de diferentes concursos públicos e responda as perguntas para testar o seu conhecimento.


Minhas questões:

Questões com:

Excluir questões:


Carregando...
Carregando...
Carregando...

Carregando...

Exibindo 1 a 15 de 19 questões.

Salvar em Meus Filtros
Imprimir página - Exibindo 1 a 15
Questões por página:
Q518847

As questões 13 a 15 referem-se ao Texto 4.

Texto 4

(…) In describing methods, the difference between a

philosophy of language teaching at the level of

theory and principles, and a set of derived

procedures for teaching a language, is central. In an

attempt to clarify this difference, a scheme was

proposed by the American applied linguist Edward

Anthony in 1963. He identified three levels of

conceptualization and organization, ________ he

termed approach, method, and technique.

The arrangement is hierarchical. The

organizational key is that techniques carry out a

method which is consistent with an approach . ..

An approach is a set of correlative

assumptions dealing with the nature of language

teaching and learning. An approach is axiomatic.

It describes the nature of the subject matter to be

taught. .. .

... Method is an overall plan for the

orderly presentation of language material, no part

of which contradicts, and all of which is based

upon, the selected approach. An approach is

axiomatic, a method is procedural. Within one

approach, there can be many methods . ..

... A technique is implementational - that

which actually takes place in a classroom. It is a

particular trick, stratagem, or contrivance used to

accomplish an immediate objective. Techniques

must be consistent with a method, and therefore

in harmony with an approach as well. (Anthony

1963:63-7)

According to Anthony's model, approach is the level

at which assumptions and beliefs about language

and language learning are specified; method is the

level at ________ theory is put into practice and at

_____ choices are made about the particular skills

to be taught, the content to be taught, and the order

in ______ the content will be presented; technique

is the level at _____ classroom procedures are

described.

(RICHARDS, J; ROGERS, T; SWAN, M. (1999) Approaches and

Methods in Language Teaching. Cambridge: CUP. 15th edition)

Observe the fragments below: “He identified three levels of conceptualization and organization, _________ he termed approach, method, and technique.” “…method is the level at ________ theory is put into practice and at _____ choices are made about the particular skills to be taught, the content to be taught, and the order in ______ the content will be presented; technique is the level at _____ classroom procedures are described.” The best sequence to fill in the blanks in the following sentences is:

Carregando...
Q518842

As questões 06 a 10 referem-se ao Texto 2.

Texto 2

Multicultural Education in Your Classroom

By: E.K. Garcia

America has always been referred to as a melting

pot, but ideally, it's a place where we strive to invite

everyone to celebrate exactly who they are. As the

US. population is becoming increasingly diverse and

technology makes the world feel increasingly

smaller, it is time to make every classroom a

multicultural classroom.

Multicultural education is more than celebrating

Cinco de Mayo with tacos and piñatas or reading

the latest biography of Martin Luther King Jr. It is an

educational movement built on basic American

values such as freedom, justice, opportunity, and

equality. It is a set of strategies aimed to address

the diverse challenges experienced by rapidly

changing U.S. demographics. And it is a beginning

step to shifting the balance of power and privilege

within the education system.

The goals of multicultural education include creating

a safe, accepting and successful learning

environment for all, increasing awareness of global

issues, strengthening cultural consciousness,

strengthening intercultural awareness, teaching

students that there are multiple historical

perspectives, encouraging critical thinking and

preventing prejudice and discrimination.

According to the National Association for

Multicultural Education (NAME), the advantages of

multicultural education are helping students develop

positive self-image, offering students an equitable

educational opportunity, allowing multiple

perspectives and ways of thinking, combating

stereotypes/prejudicial behavior and teaching

students to critique society in the interest of social

justice.

Contrary to popular belief, multicultural education is

more than cultural awareness, but rather an initiative

to encompass all under-represented groups (people

of color, women, people with disabilities, etc) and to

ensure curriculum and content including such

groups is accurate and complete.

Most curriculums focus more on North America and

Europe than any other region. Most students have

learned about genocide through stories of the

Holocaust, but do they know that hundreds of

thousands of people are being killed in places like

Darfur and Rwanda? Despite our close proximity to

Latin America, American schools typically spend

little time reading Latin American literature or

learning about the culture and history.

_______, multicultural education is most successful

when implemented as a schoolwide approach with

reconstruction of not only curriculum, but also

organizational and institutional policy. Educators

must be aware, responsive and embracing of the

diverse beliefs, perspectives and experiences. They

must also be willing and ready to address issues of

controversy.

These issues include, but are not limited to, racism,

sexism, religious intolerance, classism, ageism, etc.

(Adapted from http://www.teachhub.com/multiculturaleducation-your-classroom

Accessed on 21 April 2016)

In the fragment, “Despite our close proximity to Latin America, American schools typically spend little time reading Latin American literature or learning about the culture and history.”, the underlined term can be substitute by:

Carregando...
Q518835

Nos Referenciais Curriculares para a Rede Pública de Niterói (2010), pode-se encontrar um norteamento pedagógico em direção à busca da construção de uma identidade aberta à pluralidade cultural. Dentro desta lógica, o ensino da língua inglesa nas escolas deve buscar:

Carregando...
Q518846

As questões 13 a 15 referem-se ao Texto 4.

Texto 4

(…) In describing methods, the difference between a

philosophy of language teaching at the level of

theory and principles, and a set of derived

procedures for teaching a language, is central. In an

attempt to clarify this difference, a scheme was

proposed by the American applied linguist Edward

Anthony in 1963. He identified three levels of

conceptualization and organization, ________ he

termed approach, method, and technique.

The arrangement is hierarchical. The

organizational key is that techniques carry out a

method which is consistent with an approach . ..

An approach is a set of correlative

assumptions dealing with the nature of language

teaching and learning. An approach is axiomatic.

It describes the nature of the subject matter to be

taught. .. .

... Method is an overall plan for the

orderly presentation of language material, no part

of which contradicts, and all of which is based

upon, the selected approach. An approach is

axiomatic, a method is procedural. Within one

approach, there can be many methods . ..

... A technique is implementational - that

which actually takes place in a classroom. It is a

particular trick, stratagem, or contrivance used to

accomplish an immediate objective. Techniques

must be consistent with a method, and therefore

in harmony with an approach as well. (Anthony

1963:63-7)

According to Anthony's model, approach is the level

at which assumptions and beliefs about language

and language learning are specified; method is the

level at ________ theory is put into practice and at

_____ choices are made about the particular skills

to be taught, the content to be taught, and the order

in ______ the content will be presented; technique

is the level at _____ classroom procedures are

described.

(RICHARDS, J; ROGERS, T; SWAN, M. (1999) Approaches and

Methods in Language Teaching. Cambridge: CUP. 15th edition)

In accordance with the descriptions of approach, method and technique, the alternative that presents two techniques is:

Carregando...
Q518853

A questão 20 refere-se ao Texto 5.

Texto 5

“In discussing tense, we concentrated on location of

a situation. In order to talk about ASPECT, we have

to look inside the situation. In terms of its internal

dimensions, a situation may be represented as fixed

or changing, it may be treated as lasting for only a

moment or having duration, and it can be viewed as

completed or as ongoing. These are aspectual

distinctions.

Because aspect has to do with the kind of situation

perceived or experienced, it can be expressed both

lexically and grammatically." (YULE, 2000;62)

According to YULE (2000), when we are discussing tense, we need to look at the location of a given situation. However, when the issue is aspect, we need to look inside the situation itself. Taking into consideration both the lexical and grammatical aspects of the verb, the sentence that describes that at this time I look back at myself in an activity viewed internally as in progress is:

Carregando...
Q518841

As questões 06 a 10 referem-se ao Texto 2.

Texto 2

Multicultural Education in Your Classroom

By: E.K. Garcia

America has always been referred to as a melting

pot, but ideally, it's a place where we strive to invite

everyone to celebrate exactly who they are. As the

US. population is becoming increasingly diverse and

technology makes the world feel increasingly

smaller, it is time to make every classroom a

multicultural classroom.

Multicultural education is more than celebrating

Cinco de Mayo with tacos and piñatas or reading

the latest biography of Martin Luther King Jr. It is an

educational movement built on basic American

values such as freedom, justice, opportunity, and

equality. It is a set of strategies aimed to address

the diverse challenges experienced by rapidly

changing U.S. demographics. And it is a beginning

step to shifting the balance of power and privilege

within the education system.

The goals of multicultural education include creating

a safe, accepting and successful learning

environment for all, increasing awareness of global

issues, strengthening cultural consciousness,

strengthening intercultural awareness, teaching

students that there are multiple historical

perspectives, encouraging critical thinking and

preventing prejudice and discrimination.

According to the National Association for

Multicultural Education (NAME), the advantages of

multicultural education are helping students develop

positive self-image, offering students an equitable

educational opportunity, allowing multiple

perspectives and ways of thinking, combating

stereotypes/prejudicial behavior and teaching

students to critique society in the interest of social

justice.

Contrary to popular belief, multicultural education is

more than cultural awareness, but rather an initiative

to encompass all under-represented groups (people

of color, women, people with disabilities, etc) and to

ensure curriculum and content including such

groups is accurate and complete.

Most curriculums focus more on North America and

Europe than any other region. Most students have

learned about genocide through stories of the

Holocaust, but do they know that hundreds of

thousands of people are being killed in places like

Darfur and Rwanda? Despite our close proximity to

Latin America, American schools typically spend

little time reading Latin American literature or

learning about the culture and history.

_______, multicultural education is most successful

when implemented as a schoolwide approach with

reconstruction of not only curriculum, but also

organizational and institutional policy. Educators

must be aware, responsive and embracing of the

diverse beliefs, perspectives and experiences. They

must also be willing and ready to address issues of

controversy.

These issues include, but are not limited to, racism,

sexism, religious intolerance, classism, ageism, etc.

(Adapted from http://www.teachhub.com/multiculturaleducation-your-classroom

Accessed on 21 April 2016)

The word “consciousness” is formed by a process called suffixation. The word formed by the same process is:

Carregando...
Q518839

As questões 06 a 10 referem-se ao Texto 2.

Texto 2

Multicultural Education in Your Classroom

By: E.K. Garcia

America has always been referred to as a melting

pot, but ideally, it's a place where we strive to invite

everyone to celebrate exactly who they are. As the

US. population is becoming increasingly diverse and

technology makes the world feel increasingly

smaller, it is time to make every classroom a

multicultural classroom.

Multicultural education is more than celebrating

Cinco de Mayo with tacos and piñatas or reading

the latest biography of Martin Luther King Jr. It is an

educational movement built on basic American

values such as freedom, justice, opportunity, and

equality. It is a set of strategies aimed to address

the diverse challenges experienced by rapidly

changing U.S. demographics. And it is a beginning

step to shifting the balance of power and privilege

within the education system.

The goals of multicultural education include creating

a safe, accepting and successful learning

environment for all, increasing awareness of global

issues, strengthening cultural consciousness,

strengthening intercultural awareness, teaching

students that there are multiple historical

perspectives, encouraging critical thinking and

preventing prejudice and discrimination.

According to the National Association for

Multicultural Education (NAME), the advantages of

multicultural education are helping students develop

positive self-image, offering students an equitable

educational opportunity, allowing multiple

perspectives and ways of thinking, combating

stereotypes/prejudicial behavior and teaching

students to critique society in the interest of social

justice.

Contrary to popular belief, multicultural education is

more than cultural awareness, but rather an initiative

to encompass all under-represented groups (people

of color, women, people with disabilities, etc) and to

ensure curriculum and content including such

groups is accurate and complete.

Most curriculums focus more on North America and

Europe than any other region. Most students have

learned about genocide through stories of the

Holocaust, but do they know that hundreds of

thousands of people are being killed in places like

Darfur and Rwanda? Despite our close proximity to

Latin America, American schools typically spend

little time reading Latin American literature or

learning about the culture and history.

_______, multicultural education is most successful

when implemented as a schoolwide approach with

reconstruction of not only curriculum, but also

organizational and institutional policy. Educators

must be aware, responsive and embracing of the

diverse beliefs, perspectives and experiences. They

must also be willing and ready to address issues of

controversy.

These issues include, but are not limited to, racism,

sexism, religious intolerance, classism, ageism, etc.

(Adapted from http://www.teachhub.com/multiculturaleducation-your-classroom

Accessed on 21 April 2016)

According to the text, Multiculturalism Education has become an important issue in American classrooms because they:

Carregando...
Q518834

“A aprendizagem de uma língua estrangeira deve garantir ao aluno seu engajamento discursivo, ou seja, a capacidade de se envolver e envolver outros no discurso. Isso pode ser viabilizado em sala de aula por meio de atividades pedagógicas centradas na constituição do aluno como ser discursivo, ou seja, sua construção como sujeito do discurso via Língua Estrangeira.” (PCNs, 1998:19) Aponta-se como característica desta perspectiva de ensino de língua estrangeira o desenvolvimento:

Carregando...
Q518845

When teaching reading skills, teachers need to teach different ways of reading a text. The instruction which is related to reading for gist is represented by:

Carregando...
Q518838

As questões 03 a 05 referem-se ao Texto 1.

Texto 1

“John Reed was a schoolboy of fourteen years old;

four years older than I, for I was but ten: large and

stout for his age, with a dingy and unwholesome

skin; thick lineaments in a spacious visage, heavy

limbs and large extremities. He gorged himself

habitually at table, which made him bilious, and

gave him a dim and bleared eye and flabby cheeks.

He ought now to have been at school; but his mama

had taken him home for a month or two, „on account

of his delicate health.‟ Mr. Miles, the master,

affirmed that he would do very well if he had fewer

cakes and sweetmeats sent him from home; but the

mother‟s heart turned from an opinion so harsh, and

inclined rather to the more refined idea that John‟s

sallowness was owing to over-application and,

perhaps, to pining after home. John had not much

affection for his mother and sisters, and an antipathy

to me. He bullied and punished me; not two or three

times in the week, nor once or twice in the day, but

continually: every nerve I had feared him, and every

morsel of flesh in my bones shrank when he came

near. There were moments when I was bewildered

by the terror he inspired, because I had no appeal

whatever against either his menaces or his

inflictions; the servants did not like to offend their

young master by taking my part against him, and

Mrs. Reed was blind and deaf on the subject: she

never saw him strike or heard him abuse me,

though he did both now and then in her very

presence, more frequently, however, behind her

back."

(Extract from http://www.planetpdf.com/planetpdf/pdfs/free_ebooks/jane_eyre_nt.pdf

Accessed on 20 April 2016.)

In the fragment, “…she never saw him strike

or heard him abuse me, though he did both now and

then in her very presence, more frequently,

however, behind her back.…", the underlined clause

is an example of a:

Carregando...
Q518852

Choose the correct sequence of the synonyms of the following phrasal verbs: turn up, bring off, keep on, put off, break in:

Carregando...
Q518840

As questões 06 a 10 referem-se ao Texto 2.

Texto 2

Multicultural Education in Your Classroom

By: E.K. Garcia

America has always been referred to as a melting

pot, but ideally, it's a place where we strive to invite

everyone to celebrate exactly who they are. As the

US. population is becoming increasingly diverse and

technology makes the world feel increasingly

smaller, it is time to make every classroom a

multicultural classroom.

Multicultural education is more than celebrating

Cinco de Mayo with tacos and piñatas or reading

the latest biography of Martin Luther King Jr. It is an

educational movement built on basic American

values such as freedom, justice, opportunity, and

equality. It is a set of strategies aimed to address

the diverse challenges experienced by rapidly

changing U.S. demographics. And it is a beginning

step to shifting the balance of power and privilege

within the education system.

The goals of multicultural education include creating

a safe, accepting and successful learning

environment for all, increasing awareness of global

issues, strengthening cultural consciousness,

strengthening intercultural awareness, teaching

students that there are multiple historical

perspectives, encouraging critical thinking and

preventing prejudice and discrimination.

According to the National Association for

Multicultural Education (NAME), the advantages of

multicultural education are helping students develop

positive self-image, offering students an equitable

educational opportunity, allowing multiple

perspectives and ways of thinking, combating

stereotypes/prejudicial behavior and teaching

students to critique society in the interest of social

justice.

Contrary to popular belief, multicultural education is

more than cultural awareness, but rather an initiative

to encompass all under-represented groups (people

of color, women, people with disabilities, etc) and to

ensure curriculum and content including such

groups is accurate and complete.

Most curriculums focus more on North America and

Europe than any other region. Most students have

learned about genocide through stories of the

Holocaust, but do they know that hundreds of

thousands of people are being killed in places like

Darfur and Rwanda? Despite our close proximity to

Latin America, American schools typically spend

little time reading Latin American literature or

learning about the culture and history.

_______, multicultural education is most successful

when implemented as a schoolwide approach with

reconstruction of not only curriculum, but also

organizational and institutional policy. Educators

must be aware, responsive and embracing of the

diverse beliefs, perspectives and experiences. They

must also be willing and ready to address issues of

controversy.

These issues include, but are not limited to, racism,

sexism, religious intolerance, classism, ageism, etc.

(Adapted from http://www.teachhub.com/multiculturaleducation-your-classroom

Accessed on 21 April 2016)

According to the author, it can be said that one of the gains of multicultural education is to:

Carregando...
Q518837

As questões 03 a 05 referem-se ao Texto 1.

Texto 1

“John Reed was a schoolboy of fourteen years old;

four years older than I, for I was but ten: large and

stout for his age, with a dingy and unwholesome

skin; thick lineaments in a spacious visage, heavy

limbs and large extremities. He gorged himself

habitually at table, which made him bilious, and

gave him a dim and bleared eye and flabby cheeks.

He ought now to have been at school; but his mama

had taken him home for a month or two, „on account

of his delicate health.‟ Mr. Miles, the master,

affirmed that he would do very well if he had fewer

cakes and sweetmeats sent him from home; but the

mother‟s heart turned from an opinion so harsh, and

inclined rather to the more refined idea that John‟s

sallowness was owing to over-application and,

perhaps, to pining after home. John had not much

affection for his mother and sisters, and an antipathy

to me. He bullied and punished me; not two or three

times in the week, nor once or twice in the day, but

continually: every nerve I had feared him, and every

morsel of flesh in my bones shrank when he came

near. There were moments when I was bewildered

by the terror he inspired, because I had no appeal

whatever against either his menaces or his

inflictions; the servants did not like to offend their

young master by taking my part against him, and

Mrs. Reed was blind and deaf on the subject: she

never saw him strike or heard him abuse me,

though he did both now and then in her very

presence, more frequently, however, behind her

back."

(Extract from http://www.planetpdf.com/planetpdf/pdfs/free_ebooks/jane_eyre_nt.pdf

Accessed on 20 April 2016.)

In the fragment, “He gorged himself habitually at table, which made him bilious, and gave him a dim and bleared eye and flabby cheeks…”, the underlined term can be best replaced by:

Carregando...
Q518851

Read the fragment from the news below:

a.“Donald Trump will change Republican party rules

to make the nomination process more uniform if

he becomes the GOP presidential candidate..." The

Guardian (Extracted from http://www.theguardian.com/usnews/2016/apr/21/trump-to-change-nomination-

rules-if-he-becomes-gop-nominee-ben-carson-says

Accessed on 23 April

2016)

b.“Izzi Seccombe, the LGA‟s community wellbeing

spokeswoman, said: „We want restaurant owners to

play their part in tackling childhood obesity by

offering families tap water‟." The Guardian (Extracted

from http://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/apr/23/restaurants-told-to-give-all-families-tap-water-to-fight-

childhood-obesity

Accessed on 23 April 2016)

c.“During the trial, the jury asked to be shown round

the „House of Horrors‟ – for once the cliche seemed

appropriate – where the Wests had carried out most

of their killings. The judge, Mr Justice Mantell, said

that a journalist could accompany them, and mine

was the name picked out of the hat." The Guardian

(Extracted from http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/

apr/23/duncan-campbell-cops-robbers-and-me Accessed on 23

April 2016)

d.“If we had been sophisticated and calculating we

never would have started." The Guardian (Extracted

from http://www.theguardian.com/stage/2016/apr/23/cloud-gatetaiwan-dance-song-wanderers

Accessed on 23 April 2016)

The sentences underlined are classified,

respectively:

Carregando...
Q518844

A questão 11 refere-se ao Texto 3.

Texto 3

Why teach reading?

There are many reasons why getting students to

read English texts is an Important part of the

teacher‟s job. In the first place, many of them want

to be able to read texts in English either for their

careers, for study purposes or simply for pleasure.

Anything we can do to make reading easier for them

must be a good idea.

Reading is useful ___other purposes too: any

exposure to English, (provided students understand

it more or less) is a good thing for language

students. At the very least, some of the language

sticks ___ their minds as part of the process ___

language acquisition, and, if the reading text is,

especially interesting and engaging, acquisition is

likely to be even more successful.

Reading texts also provide good model ____

English writing. When we teach the skill of writing,

we will need to show students models _____ what

we are encouraging them to do.

Reading texts also provide opportunities ______

study language vocabulary, grammar, punctuation,

and the way We construct sentences, paragraphs

and texts. Lastly, good reading texts can introduce

interesting topics, stimulate discussion, excite

imaginative responses and be the springboard

______ well-rounded, fascinating lessons.

Adapted from http://mozva.blogspot.com.br/2014/10/how-toteach-reading-by-jeremy-harmer.html

Accessed on 21 April 2016)

The best sequence of prepositions to fill in the blanks is:

Carregando...
GABARITO:

  • 1) D
  • 2) A
  • 3) D
  • 4) A
  • 5) C
  • 6) B
  • 7) B
  • 8) E
  • 9) D
  • 10) B
  • 11) E
  • 12) A
  • 13) D
  • 14) B
  • 15) C
  •  
© Aprova Concursos - Al. Dr. Carlos de Carvalho, 1482 - Curitiba, PR - 0800 727 6282